Program Director
Jenn Dorsey 518-782-6947      

Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this program do not necessarily reflect those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Site Visit Study Readings

Site Visit Study Readings

 Readings to be completed before workshop: 

  1. Stephen J. Stein, The Shaker Experience in America: a history of the United Society of Believers (Yale University Press, 1992)
  2. Glendyne R.Wergland, Sisters in the Faith: Shaker Women and the Equality of the Sexes (University of Massachusetts Press, 2011)
  3. Carol Medlicott, Issachar Bates: A Shaker's Journey (University Press of New England, 2013)
    Because of the late release we have downgraded Issachar Batesfrom “required” to “recommended.” It is available for you to order from University Press of New England via their website.

We also recommend the following readings to prepare for the site visits. These primary and secondary source readings address the specific themes covered by the site faculty.


Hancock Shaker Village, Pittsfield, MA “The Shaker Model of Christian Communalism and Enterprise”

Secondary Sources

  1. Edward D. Andrews, The Community Industries of the Shakers (Philadelphia: PorcupinePress, 1972). “Economic aspects of Shaker communism” & “Basic function of agriculture:farming and gardening.”
  2. M. Stephen Miller, From Shaker Lands and Shaker Hands: A Survey of the Industries, See “Part I: Products of the Land.”
Primary Sources
  1. “The Acts of the Apostles,” 2: 44-45 and 4: 32-37, The Holy Bible (King James Version)
  2. David Rich Lamson, Two Years Experience Among the Shakers(West Boylston, MA: 1848), pp. 9-18 and pp. 169-173.

Shaker Museum Mount Lebanon“Shaker Celibacy, Diet, Health, and Medicine"

Secondary Sources

  1. John P. Coleman, “Casting Bread on Troubled Waters: Grahamism and the West” Journal of American Culture, Volume 9: Issue 2, (1986), pp. 1-8
Primary Sources
  1. Martha J. Anderson, “Social Life and Vegetarianism Among Shakers”(Mount Lebanon, 1893)
  2. “Vegetarianism among Shakers” (North Family, Mount Lebanon)
  3. “The Kingdom of Heaven,” Chapter Fifteen, Shakerism: its Meaning and Message (1904), pp. 278-283.

New York State Library: “Shaker Education and Education Reform”

Secondary Sources

  1. Carol Medlicott, “‘We live at a great distance from the Church’: Cartographic Strategies of the Shakers, 1805-1835,” American Communal Studies QuarterlyVolume 4: Issue 3 (July 2010), pp. 123-160.
  2. Geraldine Youcha, “Utopia, U.S.A.: The Nineteenth Century Vision,” in Minding the Children: Childcare in America from Colonial Times to the Present(Scribner 1995), pp. 67-93.
  3. Carl F. Kaestle, “Social Change and Education in the American Northeast, 1830-1860,” Pillars of the Republic: Common Schools and American Society, 1780-1860 (New York: Hill and Wang, 1983).

Watervliet Shaker National Historic District: “Shaker Spiritual Life and Religion”

Secondary Sources

  1. Carol Medlicott, “Let's mingle our feelings': Gender and Collectivity in the Music of the Shaker West,” in Common-Place (Journal of the American Antiquarian Society), Vol. 13, No. 2. 
  2. Carol Medlicott, "Innovation in Music and Song," in Inspired Innovations: A Celebration of Shaker Ingenuity, edited by Steve Miller (Lebanon, NH: UPNE, 2010), pp. 199-206.
Primary Sources
  1. “About Slavery and Displacement of Natives from the Land,” “Curses on those who Engage in such Practices,” “About Wars and the Twisted Justification for them by False Christianity,” “Words of Holy Mother WISDOM on the Order of the Deity” in The Divine Book of Holy and Eternal Wisdom, pp. 1-34. 
  2. “The Origins of Shakerism,” Chapter One, Shakerism its Meaning and Message (1904), pp. 14-27.
  3. “New Ideas,” Chapter Fourteen, Shakerism its Meaning and Message (1904), pp. 255-264.

New York State Museum:“Preserving Shaker History and Teaching with Objects”

Secondary Sources

  1. Gail Durbin, et. al., “Using Objects Across the Curriculum” and “Thinking About Things,” A Teacher’s Guide to Learning from Objects(London: Durbin, Morris and Wilkinson, 1990)
  2. John Hennigar Shuh, “Teaching Yourself to Teach With Objects” from Journal of Education, Volume 7: Issue. 4 (1982), pp. 80-91.

Teaching Resources (RequiredReading/Viewing)

Each night we will meet to reflect on how to apply what we have learned to our teaching. To prepare for those conversations, we recommend the following readings and instructional videos.


  1. Marion Brady, “Thinking Big: A Conceptual Framework for the Study of Everything,” The Phi Delta Kappan (Volume 86: Number 4) December 2004, pp. 276-281.
  2. Lorri J. Santamaria, “Culturally Responsive Differentiated Instruction: Narrowing Gaps Between Best Pedagogical Practices Benefiting All Learners,” Teachers College Record (Volume 111: Number 1) January 2009, pp. 214–247.
  3. “Culturally Responsive Differentiated Instructional Strategies,” Metropolitan Center for Urban Education, New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, August 2008.
  4. Principal’s Research Review, “Authentic Assessment,” (Volume 2: Issue 4) July 2007.
  5. "Consider the Source: Historical Records in the Classroom" by State Archives and Records Administration 


  1. “Structure Learning with Essential Questions,” Teaching Channel 
  2. Dr. Kristi Fragnoli, “Teaching with Primary Sources,” New York State Education Department