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Degree Program University
Ph.D. Physics The Pennsylvania State University
B.S. The University of Toronto

My Professional Experience

Year Title University
2018 - Now Mars Sample Return Sterilization Planning group Jet Propulsion Lab/NASA
2007 - Now Professor of Biophysics Siena College
1998 - 2007 Dean of Science/Professor, Physics Siena College
1992 - 1998 President Ultraviolet Consultants
1987 - 1992 Department Head, Physics/Astronomy Western Kentucky University
1985 - 1985 Summer Faculty, , NASA/Jet Propulsion Lab California Institute of Technology
1982 - 1982 Brookhaven National Laboratory, Visiting Scientist National Synchrotron Light Source
1978 - 1979 Visiting Professor, Biophysics The Pennsylvania State University
1972 - 1992 Professor, Biophysics WKU
1969 - 1969 Investigator Woods Hole Marine Biology Lab
1968 - 1972 Assistant Research Professor, Cell Biology University of Pittsburgh

Articles & Book Reviews

  • BACTERIAL INACTIVATION BY SOLAR ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION COMPARED WITH SENSITIVITY TO 254 NM RADIATION
    PHOTOCHEM. PHOTOBIOL
    2009
  • ACTION SPECTROSCOPY: ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION
    . IN ORGANIC PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY
    2004
  • Principles of Photobiology/Photochemistry
    Journal of Toxicology*
    1998
  • Historical Aspects of Ultraviolet Action Spectroscopy
    Photochem. Photobiol.
    1997
  • Impacts of Solar UV on Aquatic Microorganisms
    Photochem. Photobiol.
    1997
  • Environmental Ultraviolet Photobiology
    Photochem. Photobiol.
    1996
  • Stratospheric Ozone Loss, Ultraviolet Effects, and Action Spectroscopy
    Adv. in Space Res
    1996
  • Phototoxicology and Risk Analysis. UV Exposure in Biomedical Testing, from the lab to the Agency
    Argus International
    1994
  • Action Spectra Revisited
    J. Photochem. Photobiol
    1992
  • Action Spectra Again?
    J. Photochem. Photobiol
    1991
  • Free Electron Lasers in Ultraviolet Photobiology
    J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B
    1989
  • Ultraviolet Action Spectra (280 to 380 nm) and Solar Effectiveness Spectra for Higher Plants
    J. Photochem. Photobiol
    1989
  • The Effects of the Ultraviolet Wavelengths of Radiation Present in Sunlight on Human Cells in Vitro
    J. Photochem. Photobiol
    1987
  • Virus-Cell Interactions as Probes for VUV Damage and Repair
    J. Photochem. Photobiol
    1986
  • Wavelength Selections for Ultraviolet Action Spectroscopy Using Mercury Arc Sources
    J. Photochem. Photobiol
    1985
  • Action Spectra for Mammalian Cells Exposed to Ultraviolet Radiation
    J. Photochem. Photobiol
    1981
  • Photodynamic Therapy for Herpes Simplex: A Critical Review
    Pharmac. Ther
    1979

Awards & Distinctions

  • RA - Lifetime Achievement Award
    Category: Service-Professional
    American Society for Photobiology, 2012
  • Order of Saint Michael medal for outstanding service to humanity
    Category: Service-Community
    Order of Saint Michael medal for outstanding service to humanity, 2008
  • 1987-1995 Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions to the elucidation of environmental problems and the dissemination of information regarding environmental concerns
    Category: Other
    Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions..., 1995
  • 1987-1995 Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions to the elucidation of environmental problems and the dissemination of information regarding environmental concerns
    Category: Other
    Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions..., 1994
  • 1987-1995 Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions to the elucidation of environmental problems and the dissemination of information regarding environmental concerns
    Category: Other
    Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions..., 1993
  • Reappointed to Sigma Xi College of National Lecturers, at the request of Sigma Xi
    Category: Other
    Reappointed to Sigma Xi College of National Lecturers, at the request of Sigma Xi, 1993
  • 1987-1995 Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions to the elucidation of environmental problems and the dissemination of information regarding environmental concerns
    Category: Other
    Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions..., 1992
  • Elected to the Sigma Xi College of National Lecturers
    Category: Research
    Elected to the Sigma Xi College of National Lecturers, 1992
  • Reappointed to Sigma Xi College of National Lecturers, at the request of Sigma Xi
    Category: Other
    Reappointed to Sigma Xi College of National Lecturers, at the request of Sigma Xi, 1992
  • 1987-1995 Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions to the elucidation of environmental problems and the dissemination of information regarding environmental concerns
    Category: Other
    Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions..., 1991
  • Elected to the Sigma Xi College of National Lecturers
    Category: Research
    Elected to the Sigma Xi College of National Lecturers, 1991
  • 1987-1995 Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions to the elucidation of environmental problems and the dissemination of information regarding environmental concerns
    Category: Other
    Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions..., 1990
  • 1987-1995 Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions to the elucidation of environmental problems and the dissemination of information regarding environmental concerns
    Category: Other
    Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions..., 1989
  • 1987-1995 Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions to the elucidation of environmental problems and the dissemination of information regarding environmental concerns
    Category: Other
    Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions..., 1988
  • 1987-1995 Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions to the elucidation of environmental problems and the dissemination of information regarding environmental concerns
    Category: Other
    Numerous certificates, awards, and prizes for contributions..., 1987
  • Certificate of Achievement, American Society for Engineering Education, Caltech and NASA
    Category: Other
    Certificate of Achievement, American Society for Engineering Education, Caltech and NASA, 1986
  • National Academy of Science/National Research Council Award
    Category: Research
    National Academy of Science/National Research Council Award, 1986
  • Special Award for General Excellence, WKU
    Category: Other
    Special Award for General Excellence, WKU, 1986
  • Distinguished Professor for Teaching, WKU
    Category: Teaching
    Distinguished Professor for Teaching, WKU, 1980
  • Distinguished Professor for Research, WKU
    Category: Research
    Distinguished Professor for Research, WKU, 1976

Books & Book Chapters

  • Photobiology for the 21st Century

    2001

Presentations

  • UV Interaction with DNA and Cellular Repair
    2009
    Science Behind LLLT Symposium., Rochester, New York
  • Action Spectra and Their Relationship to a Safe Human Blood Supply
    2004
    Navigant Technologies, Denver, Colorado
  • A Century of Photobiology
    2000
    ICP, San Francisco, California
  • International Photobiology Congress
    2000
    International Photobiology Congress, San Francisco, California
  • Conventional Light Sources
    1999
    ACP, Washington, District of Columbia
  • Action Spectra-What do they mean
    1998
    CIE/NIST, Washington, District of Columbia
  • Historical Review of Action Spectroscopy
    1997
    ASP, St. Louis, Missouri
  • American Society for Toxicology
    1996
    American Society for Toxicology, Unknown, Unknown
  • International Photobiology Congress
    1996
    International Photobiology Congress, Marburg, Germany
  • International Space Institute
    1996
    International Space Institute, Hamburg, Germany
  • Natural Solar Radiation in Aquatics
    1996
    ASP Workshop, Atlanta, Georgia
  • Solar UV and Marine Ecosystems
    1996
    ICP, Vienna, Austria
  • The Physics of Light
    1996
    Toxicology Seminar, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Environmental Photobiology
    1995
    ASP, Washington, District of Columbia
  • Biological Consequences of Ozone Loss
    1994
    Plenary Lecture, Unknown, Germany
  • Biomedical Consequences of Ozone Loss
    1994
    SPIE, Los Angeles, California
  • Biomedical Effects Due to Ozone Loss
    1994
    FDA, Washington, District of Columbia
  • Effects of UV Lasers on Cells and Tissues
    1994
    Engineering Foundation, Santa Barbara, California
  • Exposure Responses, and Amplification Factors
    1994
    NATO Advanced Workshop, Unknown, Florida
  • Ozone loss and Its Bio-Medical Consequences
    1994
    FDA-BRH Symposia, Unknown, Unknown
  • UV Exposure in Biomedical Testing, From the Lab to the Agency
    1994
    Phototoxicology and Risk Analysis, Washington, District of Columbia
  • Biomedical Effects Due to Ozone Loss
    1993
    Plenary Lecture EPS, Marburg, Germany
  • Biological Consequences of Ozone Depletion
    1992
    Inter. Symposium On Photochemistry, Photobiology, and Photomedicine, Taejon, Korea
  • Biological Consequences of Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
    1992
    Cheju National University 40TH Anniversary, Cheju, Korea
  • International Photobiology Congress
    1992
    International Photobiology Congress, Kyoto, Japan
  • Monitoring and Measuring UV Radiation
    1992
    SCOPE, Budapest, Hungary
  • Ozone - Ultraviolet - Life on Earth
    1992
    Sam Rayburn Lecture, Unknown, Texas
  • Ozone and Life on Earth
    1992
    Fulbright Lecture - National Academy of Science, Chile, Santiago, Chile
  • The Ozone Crises
    1992
    Sigma Xi Lecture, Kyoto, Japan
  • The Uses of Light in Medical and Biological Applications
    1992
    FDA-BRH Symposia, Unknown, Unknown
  • Ozone  UV
    1991
    TATA Institute of Physics, Bombay, India
  • Ozone Depletion and its Biological Consequences
    1991
    Beyond Earth Day, Unknown, Michigan
  • Stratospheric Ozone Depletion as it Affects Life on Earth - The Role of UV Action Spectroscopy
    1991
    Impact of Global Climate Change, New Delhi, India
  • U.S. - India Conference on Global Climate Change
    1991
    U.S. - India Conference on Global Climate Change, New Delhi, India
  • Ultraviolet Radiation and Life on Earth
    1991
    EPA, NYU, NY, New York
  • Action Spectra Again?
    1990
    Presidential Address ASP, Vancouver, Canada
  • American Physical Society
    1990
    American Physical Society, Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • American Society for Toxicology
    1990
    American Society for Toxicology, Unknown, Unknown
  • American Society for Toxicology
    1990
    American Society for Toxicology, Unknown, Unknown
  • Biophysical Aspects of Ozone Depletion
    1990
    National University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
  • Engineering Foundation
    1990
    Engineering Foundation, Unknown, Unknown
  • Lasers in Biology and Medicine
    1990
    American Physical Society, Unknown, Minnesota
  • Ozone Depletion and Life on Earth
    1990
    Tri State Sigma Xi Conference, Unknown, Minnesota
  • Ozone Depletion
    1990
    National Academy of Science, China, Beijing, China
  • Ozone Depletion
    1990
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, Unknown, Massachusetts
  • Ozone Loss; Biophysical Consequences
    1990
    National Academy of Science USSR, Moscow, Russia
  • Ozone and Life
    1990
    Department of Energy Environmental Lab, Unknown, New York
  • Stratospheric Ozone Depletion as it Affects Life on Earth
    1990
    DuPont EcoForum, Unknown, Delaware
  • Ultraviolet Action Spectroscopy
    1990
    CMA, Washington, District of Columbia
  • Ultraviolet Photobiology
    1990
    American Society for Toxicology, Unknown, Florida
  • Ultraviolet Spectroscopy and Cellular Absorption
    1990
    CMA, Unknown, California
  • International Photobiology Congress
    1988
    International Photobiology Congress, Jerusalem, Israel
  • American Physical Society, Southeastern Section
    1987
    American Physical Society, Southeastern Section, Nashville, Tennessee
  • Terrestrial Space Radiation
    1987
    NATO Conferences, Corfu, Greece
  • Radiation Research Society
    1986
    Radiation Research Society, Las Vegas, Nevada
  • International Photobiology Congress
    1984
    International Photobiology Congress, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • American Society for Microbiology
    1983
    American Society for Microbiology, New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Molecular Mechanisms for Photoresponses
    1982
    NATO Conferences, Pisa, Italy
  • Second Symposium on Biological Effects and Measurements of Light Sources
    1982
    FDA-BRH Symposia, Unknown, Unknown
  • American Physical Society, Southeastern Section
    1980
    American Physical Society, Southeastern Section, Chattanooga, Tennessee
  • Biophysical Society
    1980
    Biophysical Society, Atlanta, Georgia
  • First Symposium on Biological Effects and Measurements of Light Sources
    1980
    FDA-BRH Symposia, Unknown, Unknown
  • International Photobiology Congress
    1980
    International Photobiology Congress, Strausbourg, France
  • Solar Radiation in Marine Ecosystems
    1980
    NATO Conferences, Copenhagen, Denmark